Homeland Security Bill
Domestic Terrorism And Border Safety Resource Site




Is America's Safety On The Borderline?


As a resident of a border town (Columbus New Mexico) with Mexico I can tell you that border security has been beefed up tremendously.

For the most part, Mexican Latinos are really great people. Friendly, honest, hard working, family loving, and gracious to Americans. Poverty and oppression drives them to America. Who can really blame them for wanting a better life. Isn't that why America exists? Was it not formed by migrants escaping oppression?

Really the scariest part about the violence going on in Mexico is that it seems to have adapted Al-Qaida methods of torture and beheadings. Is terrorism next?  It really makes one wonder if the cartels are "copycatting" their terror techniques or if violent Muslim extremist have migrated to our borders with Mexico. Have they joined forces with the cartels in order to make their way into America? Or are they aiding in the destabilizing of Mexico in order to distract America's influence in the Mideast by causing an international incident between U.S. and Mexico?


Stay Up On All Border News





* United States Citizenship and Immigration Services – Processes citizenship, residency, and asylum requests from foreigners
* U.S. Customs and Border Protection – Staff border checkpoints, collect tariffs, and patrol the border
* U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement – Long-term investigations of border violations
o Federal Protective Service – Law enforcement and security for federal buildings, properties, assets, and interests
* Transportation Security Administration – Responsible for aviation security (domestic and international, most notably conducting passenger screenings at airports), as well as land and water transportation security
* United States Coast Guard – Maritime security, national defense, maritime mobility, and protection of natural resources (assigned to Department of the Navy during times of war or at the president's direction)
* Federal Emergency Management Agency – Disaster preparedness, response, and recovery
* United States Secret Service – Protective services for important officials and protection of the U.S. currency

(Passports for U.S. Citizens are issued by the United States Department of State, not the Department of Homeland Security.)

Advisory groups:

* Homeland Security Advisory Council – State and local government, first responders, private sector, and academics
* National Infrastructure Advisory Council – Advises on security of public and private information systems
* Homeland Security Science and Technology Advisory Committee – Advise the Under Secretary for Science and Technology.
* Critical Infrastructure Partnership Advisory Council – Coordinate infrastructure protection with private sector and other levels of government
* Interagency Coordinating Council on Emergency Preparedness and Individuals with Disabilities
* Task Force on New Americans – "An inter-agency effort to help immigrants learn English, embrace the common core of American civic culture, and become fully American."

Other components:

* Domestic Nuclear Detection Office – Develop nuclear threat detection capabilities at all levels of government and in the private sector
* Federal Law Enforcement Training Center – Interagency law enforcement training facility
* National Protection and Programs Directorate - risk-reduction, encompassing both physical and virtual threats and their associated human elements
o National Communications System
* Directorate for Science and Technology – Research and development
* Directorate for Management – Responsible for internal budgets, accounting, performance monitoring, and human resources
* Office of Policy – Long-range policy planning and coordination
o Office of Immigration Statistics
* Office of Health Affairs – Medical preparedness
* Office of Intelligence and Analysis – Identify and assess threats based on intelligence from various agencies
* Office of Operations Coordination – Monitor domestic security situation on a daily basis, coordinate activities with state and local authorities and private sector infrastructure
* Office of the Secretary includes the Privacy Office, Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, Office of Inspector General, Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman, Office of Legislative Affairs, Office of the General Counsel, Office of Public Affairs, Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement (CNE), Office of the Executive Secretariat (ESEC), and the Military Advisor's Office.
* National Cyber Security Center

The Homeland Security Act (HSA) of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135 (Nov. 25, 2002), introduced in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, created the United States Department of Homeland Security in the largest federal government reorganization since the Department of Defense was created via the National Security Act of 1947 (as amended in 1949). The HSA includes many of the organizations under which the powers of the USA PATRIOT Act are exercised. Among other things, it created the new cabinet-level position of Secretary of Homeland Security.

The new department assumed a large number of services, offices and other organizations previously conducted in other departments, such as the Customs Service, Coast Guard, and U.S. Secret Service. It superseded, but did not replace the Office of Homeland Security, which retained an advisory role. The Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2004 provided the new department its first funding.

United States Department of Homeland Security

The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the United States federal government with the primary responsibilities of protecting the territory of the U.S. from terrorist attacks and responding to natural disasters.

Whereas the Department of Defense is charged with military actions abroad, the Department of Homeland Security works in the civilian sphere to protect the United States within, at, and outside its borders. Its stated goal is to prepare for, prevent, and respond to domestic emergencies, particularly terrorism. On March 1, 2003, DHS absorbed the Immigration and Naturalization Service and assumed its duties. In doing so, it divided the enforcement and services functions into two separate and new agencies: Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Citizenship and Immigration Services. Additionally, the border enforcement functions of the INS, the U.S. Customs Service, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service were consolidated into a new agency under DHS: U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The Federal Protective Service falls under Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

With more than 200,000 employees, DHS is the third largest Cabinet department, after the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs.[4] Homeland security policy is coordinated at the White House by the Homeland Security Council. Other agencies with significant homeland security responsibilities include the Departments of Health and Human Services, Justice, and Energy.

The creation of DHS constituted the biggest government reorganization in American history, and the most substantial reorganization of federal agencies since the National Security Act of 1947, which placed the different military departments under a secretary of defense and created the National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency. DHS also constitutes the most diverse merger of federal functions and responsibilities, incorporating 22 government agencies into a single organization.


Organizational chart showing the chain of command among the top-level officials in the Department of Homeland Security, as of July 17, 2008. The Department of Homeland Security is headed by the Secretary of Homeland Security with the assistance of the Deputy Secretary. The Department contains the components listed below. Not all subcomponents are listed; see the linked articles for more details.


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